Lesson Overview (Graphic Organizer attached)

Civil War Part 1
•Students will be given a pre-assessment to find out what is their prior knowledge of the Civil War.
•Students will be exposed to images of the Civil War and asked to discuss these images and what they mean.
•Students will be given the option for their culminating project of either an individualized field trip or a book report on the Civil War.
•Students will begin instruction at the beginning of the Civil War.

Civil War Part 2
•Students will learn about the Civil War from the perspective of the North. Those students with more prior knowledge of the Civil War will be put in groups with students with less knowledge and utilized as group leaders in the projects.
•Students will learn about the Civil War from the perspective of the South.
•Students will learn about key women and African Americans during the Civil War.
•Students will learn about how the war ends.

Civil War Part 3
•Students will watch part Ken Burns’ documentary on the Civil War.
•Students will work on analyzing artifacts from Arlington Cemetery.
•Students will work on analyzing political cartoons from the Civil War era.
•Student will be review Lincoln’s assassination and Reconstruction.
•Students will watch the images from the Civil War shown at the beginning of the unit and once again discuss the images and how they represent history.



Differentiated Instruction


Gardner’s Multiple Intelligences
Visual/Spatial
•Viewing picture slide show.
•Viewing documentaries/films.

Naturalist
•Culminating project, field trip.
•Walking around Arlington Cemetery, Civil War trails, etc.

Bodily/Kinesthetic
•Culminating project, field trip.
•Walking around Arlington Cemetery, Civil War trails, etc.

Musical
•Hearing music from the time period.

Interpersonal
•Group work.
•Analyzing why the North and the South won certain battles.

Intrapersonal
•Using intuition to analyze artifacts from Arlington Cemetery.
•Understanding and empathizing with actions of key players during the Civil War.
•Culminating project, book report

Linguistic
•Reading text from the Civil War time period.
•Analyzing artifacts from Arlington Cemetery.
•Culminating project, book report

Logical/Mathematical
•Analyzing the strategy used by the Generals of the North and South
•Analyzing artifacts from Arlington Cemetery
•Culminating project, book report

Differentiated Instruction

  • Pre-Assessment to identify prior knowledge.
  • Use of heterogeneous groups to complete some class work.
  • Open-ended questions for students to answer individually allowing the instructor to assess based on readiness/ability.
  • Culminating project equaling the same value as an exam letting students choose an area of interest.

Cooperative Learning
  • Virtual field trip of artifacts at Arlington Cemetery - Heterogeneous Flexible Groupings.
  • Analyzing the successes and strategies of the North and their Generals - Heterogeneous Flexible Groupings.
  • Analyzing the successes and strategies of the South and their Generals - Heterogeneous Flexible Groupings.


Individual Instruction

Culminating Project
Students will choose one of the following projects-

  • Book Report - Students will pick an appropriate book on the civil war. They will read the book and turn in an appropriate book report based on ability.
  • Individualized Field Trip - Students will pick an appropriate place with Civil War ties to visit. Students will then report back on their visit.

Individual Assignments
  • Students will be given reading assignments based on ability.
  • Students will be asked to complete homework and class work based on individual ability.
  • Appropriate accommodations and modifications will be made for the students.



Assessments
•Daily Assessments
•Exit tickets
•Question and Answers
•Daily Warm-ups
•Homework Assignments
•Culminating Assessments (Students must pick one)

  1. Book report on appropriate Civil War book.
  2. Individual Field trip (Student visits Civil War memorial and reports back on their visit)

•Summative Assessments
•Unit Test (Appropriate modifications/accommodations given)


Technology
•Video - Students will watch videos and movies about the Civil War, including, Glory.
•Slide Show - Students will watch a slide show of images from the Civil War era at the beginning and end of the unit.
•Computer - Students will be able to research Arlington Cemetary’s virtual artifacts from “Arlington House.” The students will be able to examine the artifacts on the computer and answer questions about the artifacts.
•Camera - Still or video camera is required for the field trip option. Students will take pictures of their experience on the trip.